Friday, January 28, 2011

Sejarah, Interlok dan Goblok



Dua premis perlu disentuh dan dikupas mengenai fakta sejarah bumi ini. Kedua-duanya mempunyai kaitan rapat dengan pandangan terbaru Tun Mahathir Mohamad.

Pertama mengenai tindakan menapis fakta sejarah dan kedua, usaha memesongkan sejarah bagi menyanjung sesuatu bangsa dan kuasa.

Pertama, perspektif Tun yang dilahirkan menerusi post terbaru pada blognya chedet.cc mengingatkan kita kebenaran pada ungkapan ahli sejarah Sepanyol-Amerika George Santayana bahawa "Mereka yang lupa akan sejarah akan terseksa dan didera untuk mengulangi kesilapan mereka berulang kali".

Tun melahirkan hakikat sekiranya kita membelakangi kenyataan dan fakta sejarah demi untuk memelihara sensitif sesetengah pihak - satu amalan yang begitu mendalam diamalkan oleh kuasa-kuasa penjajah bagi membentuk dan mengekalkan kegemilangan mereka di mata dunia, maka terkuburlah peluang bagi kita mencungkil kebenaran.

Dan bertolak daripada ini, sikap dan amalan pincang itu diperturunkan dan digunakan oleh kumpulan manusia yang dijajah sebagai acuan, lantaran memanjangkan perspektif dan fakta salah mengenai sejarah bumi yang dijajah.

Ini berlaku berkali-kali sepanjang zaman-zaman penjajahan semenanjung Tanah Melayu oleh pelbagai kuasa sejak dulu lagi.

Apabila kuasa kerajaan Hindu bertapak di sini, selain menebarkan pengaruh agama dan budaya mereka di sini dengan meluas, mungkin tidak kurang juga detik-detik kolonisasi itu diguna sebagai modal untuk dicatatkan sebagai sebahagian daripada sejarah yang menongkat kegemilangan empayar Hindu berkenaan di Tanah Melayu.

Dari situ maka tertanamlah perspektif pada minda sesetengah cendekiawan sejarah tempatan kononnya segala-galanya bermula daripada kaca mata pencatat sejarah yang mendukung kegemilangan negara si penjajah.

Sama juga apabila berlaku penjajahan oleh kuasa ketenteraan Portugis, Belanda Jepun, dan akhir sekali, British. Masing-masing mempunyai agenda untuk melakarkan sejarah secara tersendiri.

Apabila berlaku kontroversi mengenai novel "Interlok" karya sasterawan negara Abdullah Hussain yang ditulis sejak sekian lama, kononnya ia membawa kandungan terlalu sensitif dan menggugat perasaan kaum tertentu, maka timbullah pelbagai bantahan s pro dan kontra berhubung perkara tersebut.

Hakikatnya, jika sejarah disunting atau ditulis semula sekadar untuk mengelak daripada menyentuh sensitiviti sesetengah pihak, apalah gunanya?

Manusia perlu belajar daripada sejarah. Perlu mengambil iktibar daripada segala kesilapan yang lampau. Dalam konteks ini sejarah amat berharga diutarakan sebagai pemangkin pelajaran mengenai sesuatu bangsa dan negara.

Bagaimanapun, dicelah-celah semua ini timbul pula tuduhan daripada segelintir cendekiawan tempatan yang enggan berganjak daripada kepompong pemikiran penjajah dalam aspek persejarahan.

Mereka mengecam keras tindakan membetulkan fakta-fakta sejarah oleh pengkaji-pengkaji sejarah tempatan yang mendapati apa ditulis oleh ahli-ahli sejarah British mengenai asal usul orang Melayu dan kronologi kependudukan semenanjung ini tidak benar, malahan salah sama sekali.

Kita tahu dengan menulis secara demikian ke mana arah kiblat mereka. Ia sekadar sebahagian agenda untuk sentiasa meletakkan nama penjajah British di persada paling tinggi supaya dikenang sepanjang zaman - tidak kiralah sama ada ia begitu pincang.

Kini hasil kajian dan penyelidikan oleh ahli-ahli sejarah tempatan sudah mula menunjukkan segala yang ditenggelami dan diselimuti oleh penjajah mengenai bumi ini.

Fakta dan penemuan terbaru ini amat mendalam dan empirikal - begitu menyeluruh hinggakan ahli-ahli sejarah terkemuka dunia, termasuk nama-nama seperti Stephen Oppenheimer sendiri begitu teruja dan tidak teragak-agak menyokong penemuan- penemuan tersebut.

Oleh yang demikian, sekiranya difikirkan secara logik dan rasional, bukankah tepat sekali kita mengekalkan fakta sejarah dan realiti dalam hasil-hasil sastera negara tanpa perlu membetulkannya demi menjaga sensitivi sesetengah kaum?
Jika kita akur dengan desakan supaya dibetulkan atau ditenggelamkan sesuatu karya di atas sebab-sebab tertentu, bukankah ia sama seperti tindakan pincang penjajah merakamkan sejarah untuk kepentingan diri sendiri?

Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Perhaps, those in PAS should read the following...

For details in context read here. (Untuk konteks terperinci sila baca di sini.)

THE SPREAD OF FREEMASONRY IN EGYPT: CONTRIBUTIONS OF JAMALUDDIN AL-AFGHANI AND MUHAMMAD ABDUH MIRZA MALKAM

It is only ‘philosophy that shows man the proper road and makes man understandable to man’, he averred. Yet Afghani was also a devout Muslim and hostile to Western imperialism and railed against the wanton excesses of secular materialism.

Afghani was already an initiate of an Italian lodge, when in May 1875, he was persuaded to join Kawkab al-Sharq (‘Star of the East’) Lodge, No. 1355, by the head of the District Grand Lodge of Egypt, Raphael Borg. The lodge had been founded in 1871 by some native Egyptian members of Bulwer Lodge of Cairo, No. 1068, who wanted to form a lodge that worked in Arabic for non-Europeans. Afghani quickly progressed through its ranks, and two years later, another remarkable figure joined the lodge, most probably at his behest.

EASTERN STAR SIGN IN FREEMASONRY


Sheikh Mohammed Abduh


In 1877 Afghani’s student and protégé, Sheikh Mohammed Abduh (1849-1905), was initiated in the Star of the East Lodge, who, like his mentor, was also a religious scholar, liberal reformer and Arab nationalist. The two men had met five years earlier in al-Azhar, when Abduh was stirred from his early passion for mysticism and persuaded to campaign for Islamic renaissance and colonial liberation. Like Afghani, Abduh believed Islam should return to its scientific roots. He recalled how the great medieval Islamic scientist and Sufi mystic, Al- Ghazali, considered the study of logic and philosophy as essential for the defense of Islam, and in an article written in the year of his initiation, Abduh advocated the introduction of modern sciences to Al Azhar University. He deplored the blind acceptance of traditional doctrines and argued that as ‘modernity is based on reason, Islam must therefore be shown not to contradict reason, thus we may prove that Islam is compatible with modernity’:

There are two books: one created which is the universe, and one revealed which is the Qur’an and only through reason are we guided by this book to understand that one.

In 1878 Afghani was elected Master of the Star of the East Lodge and through his considerable influence many of Egypt’s nomenclature joined the lodge, which attracted several hundred members. He referred to his followers within Freemasonry as his ‘Sincere brethren and faithful companions’, although his ideas inevitably led him into conflict with other members of the lodge. When he was cautioned that the lodge was not a political platform, he is reported to have responded,

I have seen a lot of odd things in this country [Egypt], but I would never have thought that cowardice would infiltrate the ranks of masonry to such an extent.

For Afghani, Freemasonry was a vehicle for combating ‘the towering edifices of injustice, tyranny, and oppression’, and, it is believed, actually formed the basis of the political group he later founded – the Hizb al Watany al Hurr (‘the Free National Party’), which helped remove Ismail Pasha from the throne. At the time, Egypt was undergoing a financial crisis and the Khedive Ismail was clashing with his British and French creditors over the national debt. The Ottoman sultan responded by deposing him in favour of Mohammed Tawfik (1852-92), Ismail’s eldest son. Tawfiq was a mason and an admirer of Afghani and his teachings, and he also favoured a parliamentary constitution. However, Tawfiq soon distrusted Afghani and had him sent into exile.

In 1881, the Egyptian ruler, Khedive Tawfiq, became Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Egypt, although he assigned most of his duties to his Minister of Justice, Hussein Fakhry Basha. Yet within months a revolt broke out within the ranks of the Egyptian army, which was quelled by British forces. Tawfik remained ruler although Evelyn Baring (later Lord Cromer) took charge of the country and Mohammed Abduh was exiled for agitating against foreign occupation. Abduh sought sanctuary in the Lebanon, before joining his former teacher Afghani in Paris in 1883. There they collaborated on a semi-religious, semi-political, and anti-British periodical called Urwat al-wuthqa – ‘The Firmest Bond’ – a title taken from the Koran. The paper circulated widely and was smuggled into Egypt, India and much of the Islamic world. Afghani gained a degree of notoriety in Parisian circles as a result of his polemical attacks on the French historian and positivist philosopher, Ernest Renan, and, it is claimed, the couple also cultivated further Masonic contacts at this time. Abduh eventually broke with Afghani, and after briefly visiting England and Tunisia, he settled in Beirut where he taught at an Islamic college; he also translated Afghani’s book The Refutation of the Materialists (Beirut, 1886) into Arabic. In 1888 he was allowed to return to Egypt by Lord Cromer, having rejected his former radicalism, and became a teacher at Al Azhar University. He began to pursue a career in the Judiciary, quickly rising through the legal ranks, and in 1891 became an Appeal Court Judge. In this capacity he reformed a number of laws, established a benevolent society that operated schools for poor children, served on the legislative council, and tried to implement educational reforms. Having earned the trust of Lord Cromer, he was appointed Grand Mufti of Egypt in 1899, although his cooperative attitude towards the British also earned him the enmity of the ruling prince, Abbas Hilmi, and the nationalist leader, Mustafa Kamil.

At the time of Abduh’s death in 1905, Freemasonry spanned all sectors of Egyptian society and included a number of notable figures: three Prime Ministers, a Minister of Public Works, and a number of Junior Ministers. Indeed, the Craft remained popular in Egypt for the next half century or more, and many leading Egyptians embraced the Craft, including the leader of the 1919 revolution, Saad Zaghlul (1859-1927); King Fuad I (1921- 36); and Prince Mohammed Ali. However during the Suez crisis of 1956, the Egyptian President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, turned on the foreign Masonic delegations and sequestered their assets. The Egyptian Grand Lodge also began rejecting Jewish members and became increasingly nationalistic, and as a consequence many Grand Lodges around the world withdrew recognition as they deemed the move contrary to the true spirit of Freemasonry.

WILFRED BLUNT BRITISH AFFAIRS FOREIGN AGENT; A CLOSE ALLY OF AFGHANI AND ABDUH IN EGYPT


Freemasonry staggered on in Egypt for another eight years, until finally, on 4 April 1964, President Nasser ordered the closure of all Masonic lodges. According to the Egyptian magazine Akhir Sa’a this was done because the lodges did not submit themselves to government inspection. However it was also noted that, ‘Zionism has decided to utilise Masonic lodges for practising its activities’, despite the fact that Freemasonry had clearly been held in high esteem by many leading Arab nationalists whose faith in Islam was beyond doubt.

Monday, January 24, 2011

Anyone care to challenge Mahathir's remarks on foreign language?


This blogger, too, agrees when Tun Mahathir said "...Malaysia is the only country in the world with government schools that use a foreign language to teach a community whose ancestors originated from a foreign country."

Read the excerpts below as reported by FMT:

"Former premier Dr Mahathir Mohammad today clarified a statement that he made on foreign language as a medium of teaching in government schools.

In a recent interview with Nanyang Siang Pau, he said that Malaysia is the only country in the world with government schools that use a foreign language to teach a community whose ancestors originated from a foreign country.

A reader shot down his claim and pointed out that the Chinese language is taught and spoken in many countries. However, Mahathir begged to differ.

“There is a difference between teaching in a foreign language and learning a foreign language,” he emphasised. “I’m referring to the former. Learning a foreign language is not only permissible but encouraged.”


Read more here.

Friday, January 21, 2011

The Skewed & Convoluted Mind of Dr Azly Rahman




My answer to Dr Azly Rahman's latest volley here:

Racism does not begin from or with BTN.

BTN is not the entire society. Dr Azly Rahman is being naive and shallow by saying that.

Rascism is there in the vernacular education system, in the race-centric attitudes of the respective races, especially the insecure mindset of some descendants of the immigrant-originated races.

Secret societies called triads are mono-racial. These have led to all sorts of social problems,including human traffickng, drugs smuggling, and money laundering...all very serious social diseases - facets of which have creeped into popular culture and even proudly lauded by many present day youth.

Is he blind? Verily he is the one so obsessed with the so-called liberation of the Malays (only?). He is sub-consciously a rascist.

No doubt he is also out-dated.UiTM, MRSM, Sekolah Berasrama Penuh, etc are all now admitting non-Malays. He should remember that if the Malays were indeed racists, what happened to the non-Javanese in Java did not happen here.

Perhaps he may want to discuss his problems with author of WORLD ON FIRE by Dr Amy Chua?

'Melayu' Singapura Menentang Mahathir?



Walaupun 'Melayu' Singapura kononnya tidak setuju dengan persepsi Tun Mahathir bahawa mereka hidup dalam kekangan, namun blogger ini rasa apa yang dikatakan itu adalah hakikat.

Tidak hairan mendengar reaksi sedemikian kerana kebebasan akhbar di sana amat terhad dan semua wajib patuh kepada agenda pemerintah.

Singapura kini cuba menanam kata-kata dalam mulut Melayu sana kerana tidak inginkan persepsi kesempurnaan negara itu dicemar realiti dan kebenaran.

Tindakan Tun bukan melalut, tetapi berdasarkan hakikat betapa seluruh diaspora Melayu perlu menyedari ancaman kepada bangsa ini, termasuk di tanah Melayu seberang sana.

Takkan kita hanya berpeluk tubuh dalam memperjuangkan nasib bangsa? Takkan kita akan membiarkan Singapura menghakimi kedaulatan dan integriti kita seolah-olah mereka serba sempurna?

Sejarah tidak boleh diubah walaupun mungkin berubah. Realitinya tanah Melayu Singapura siapa yang punya?

Tuesday, January 18, 2011

Mufti Perak Dedahkan Niat Sebenar Anwar



Petikan daripada www.anwaraidc.com

Sunday, January 16, 2011



Seorang naib presiden MCA meminta PM dan JAKIM menggunakan isu azan sebagai peluang mengawal selia penggunaan pembesar suara di semua rumah ibadat (maksudnya masjid!) demi mengelak perselisihan faham di kalangan masyarakat pelbagai kaum.

Ini mencerminkan reaksi MCA dengan tidak secara langsung berbeza daripada pendirian "berdiam diri" sebelumnya dalam isu azan.

Senator Gan Ping Sieu berkata penetapan garis panduan tidak boleh disamakan sebagai mempersoalkan hak seseorang dalam hal kebebasan beragama dalam apa sahaja kepercayaan(tapi orang Melayu/Islam tidak pernah mempersoalkan isu berkenaan apabila membabitkan agama lain).

Katanya usaha itu membantu mengelak perselisihan berhubung isu-isu sensitif pada masa depan.

Dalam erti kata sebenarnya, isu Azan memang sengaja ditimbulkan MCA dan disokong kaum bukan Melayu lain sambil mengambil kesempatan slogan 1Malaysia untuk menyamaratakan semuanya.

Boleh ke diterima? Orang Melayu, terutama pemimpin Melayu jangan bagi betis lagi...

Tuesday, January 11, 2011

Dan Kandungan Sastera Melayu Pun Perlu Ditentukan Kaum Lain...



Sasterawan Melayu Abdullah Hussain pengarang novel kontroversi “Interlok” yang sengaja dijadikan kontroversi oleh segelintir aktivis daripada kaum India Malaysia menangis apabila diberitahu buku tersebut dibakar.

Tindakan itu menunjukkan betapa bukan segelintir Melayu begitu melampau hinggakan sastera Melayu pun perlu menurut kehendak mereka.

Tidakkah kita sedar bagaimana mereka ibarat diberi betis hendak paha, dan kini bila mendapat paha, suara hati Melayu pun perlu ditentukan oleh mereka.

Dahlah daripada aspek agama, orang Melayu kini perlu tunduk kepada kemahuan mereka termasuk mengiakan keluar masuk mereka di surau dan masjid dengan cara biadab, akur kepada kehendak berhubung murtad, sementara laungan azan pun mereka kecam kononnya menggugat ketenteraman awam.

Hakikatnya nisbah kaum India jika dicampurkan kaum Cina hanya mencapai sekitar 32%. Mereka bukan majoriti. Tak masuk akal alasan yang diberikan.
Apa motif sebenar mereka?

Hairannya, ada pula orang Melayu yang bersekongkol dengan mereka dalam Pakatan turut hadir pada upacara menyerang sasterawan Melayu. Bingung kita dibuatnya.

Dalam hal ini sudah tiba masanya seluruh sasterawan Melayu menyedari betapa kita kini menumpang di tanah sendiri. Hampir segala-galanya perlu mendapat "restu" bukan Melayu termasuk institusi raja, perlembagaan, kedudukan agama Islam, dan lain-lain lagi walaupun segala-galanya tercatat dengan jelas dalam Perlembagaan negara. Mereka sangka Perlembagaan di tulis oleh UMNO agaknya.

Masihkah kita ingat arah mana sasterawan Melayu berkiblat sewaktu kemuncak reformasi? Ada di antara mereka yang bertindak melampau sehingga menimbul persoalan siapa yang benar. Keliru habis kita semua.

Masihkah ingat di Bukit Selambau ketika sasterawan Melayu muncul berceramah menyokong India PKR?

Apakah sasterawan itu menyesal sekarang? Atau dia sama juga seperti sesetengah individu politik yang boleh menjustifikasikan apa jua parti politik yang dianggotainya asalkan mendapat publisiti dan dapat melepas geram tak kira apa akibat kepada maruah dan taraf kesusasteraan bangsa?

Bukankah sasterawan Melayu juga yang menghina Tun Mahathir melalui novel" Shit" nya kerana tidak mengampu brother Anwar yang ketika itu dianggap pahlawan suci? Atau hanya bagi memuaskan nafsu orang-orang tertentu untuk menundukkan Hamid Othman?

Walaupun semua ini berlaku kerajaan masih tetap memilih novel hasil sasterawan Melayu untuk sekolah menengah. Butakah kita semua?

Siapa yang tidak prihatin dan menghina sastera Melayu? Bukan kerajaan.

Kita semua perlu berlaku adil jika mahu membentuk masyarakat adil dan sejahtera.

Jangan biarkan kelompok yang kaya dan berpengaruh sahaja menguasai minda dan pemikiran kita. Jangan kerana peribumi yang kebetulan masih kurang kekuatan ekonomi dihina. Tiada makna mereka menjadikan peribumi majoriti kalau bilangan besar tidak dihiraukan dan kita turut hanya memuliakan yang kaya dan petah memutarbelitkan isu dan fakta demi kebencian yang tidak berasaskan ketamadunan.

Dalam usaha menjulang dan menghormati sumbangan sasterawan Melayu kerajaan menyediakan kepada mereka dengan rawatan kelas 1 di hospital, selain pelbagai anugerah sebagai menghargai usaha mereka.

Masihkah mereka tidak sedar? Jika ini pun tidak mencetuskan sesuatu dalam minda mereka bayangkan apa yang terbentuk pada pemikiran anak-anak muda Melayu yang menghayati hasil penulisan mereka?

Friday, January 7, 2011

Outlook for BN Government in Malaysia Positive - CIA Report


Highlights of CIA’s Outlook on Malaysia 2011- 2015

Outlook for 2011-15

* The ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition is expected to maintain its hold on power in the coming five years, securing a victory at the next election.

* The Economist Intelligence Unit expects the BN, which is controlled by its largest component party, the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), to call an election as early as 2011, two years before its current term ends.

* Fiscal policy will be tightened gradually during the forecast period (2011-15) as the government strives to balance its budget by 2020. Monetary policy will also be tightened as domestic demand strengthens.

* The economy is expected to resume a fairly stable growth path in 2011-15, following a mild recession in 2009 and a strong rebound in 2010. Real GDP growth will average 5% a year in 2011-15.

* The annual rate of inflation is expected to average 3.4% in 2011-15. Government efforts to rationalise the country’s extensive subsidy schemes will exert an upward influence on prices.

* Despite the relatively rapid pace of growth in merchandise imports compared with that in exports, Malaysia will continue to run substantial trade and current-account surpluses in 2011-15.

Wednesday, January 5, 2011

Saturday, January 1, 2011



SELAMAT TAHUN BARU MASIHI 2011
UNTUK SEMUA PENGIKUT LENGGONG VALLEY BLOG..