Monday, September 13, 2010

Ponder this...

• Chinese crime organizations outside China and Taiwan are varied in size and flexible in structure, retaining some traditional triad and tong structures but adapting readily to conditions in host countries.

• Chinese crime organizations are found in most world population centers having substantial ethnic Chinese populations.

• In most cases, the starting point of Chinese crime is extortion and protection practiced against indigenous Chinese populations; subsequently, expansion into other crimes and into the general population often occurs.

• Chinese groups adjust pragmatically to conditions in a country; for example, law enforcement in France has forced a movement away from narcotics trafficking toward trafficking in humans.

• Several large criminal groups have established footholds in more than one country; numerous smaller groups are independent or allied with the large groups in a particular country.

• In some countries, Chinese groups have formed pragmatic, temporary alliances with other ethnic criminal groups.

• Chinese organized crime has established a significant foothold in Australian cities, and Australian authorities consider it a serious law enforcement problem.

• Chinese trafficking groups still use routes that were established through Eastern Europe in the corrupt late communist era.

• “Snakehead” groups, which move illegal Chinese migrants to Western Europe and North America using networks of specialized accomplices in local communities, are an active and persistent feature of Chinese crime in many countries.

• In recent years, Chinese criminal activity in Japan has increased noticeably, often in cooperation with indigenous groups.

• Canada has become an important site for Chinese narcotics trafficking and financial

• In the United States, Chinese groups established their initial footholds on the West Coast and in New York City; from there they have spread to other large metropolitan areas, and their activities have diversified.

• Chinese criminal activity in Russia has been concentrated in Moscow and the Russian Far East, where numerous forms of trafficking have proliferated.

• Most countries of Southeast Asia are the sites of narcotics and human trafficking, money laundering, and counterfeiting of electronic products.

(Reported in the US Library of Congress – Federal Research Division on Transnational Chinese Crime)


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